There is two type of visualization of a problem. Your brain is in one mode or the other, but not a mix at the same time.
Concentrating on something you want to Learn.
You try to find a familiar pattern that you already know.
The problem is that when you are too focus on a wrong thing, it is difficult to go back and try something else (as you are focused).
You explore the space. You use it to learn something new. You don't focus !! You take a big image of what you see.
When you are too focused, you need to take break in order to open your mind.
Procrastination switch attention to something else. It is characterized by three steps:
It is like an addiction
Pomodoro: Use a timer of 25 minutes and try to focus yourself, and reward after that moment.
Learning a little each day is better than learning a lot on one day. You need to work with your two kinds of memory.
Long term memory:
Piece of data, easy to remember, concepts.
Set of neurons that fires together to perform an action efficiently.
Train everyday a small amount of time (but enough time to learn something).
Practicing, not just reading a book. It would give you a fake impression of understanding. Practice also somewhere where you are less confident. It makes you adapt to new (stressing) environment when needed. Improve your adaptability.
Reformulating helps you to appropriate you the concept. Speak about it to somebody that understand, or not, to adapt, to test yourself.
Difference between fields.
Chunking is a bottom-up learning: you go from small piece to a bigger conceptual image
Top-down learning: having a big image, to see what you are learning, how the chunks relate to each others.
Context is where both TD and BU meet.
Recall: Learn to a more deeper level to get the key idea. But first, need to understand the basic concepts.
Illusion of competence: looking at the solution and saying "ok, i know how to get there". It is not in your hand nor in your brain.
Mini-testing: See if you really understand. Make mistake here!
acetylcholine: purpose learning, attention, longterm memory
dopamine: motivation, reward learning, decision making, future reward (not immediate)
anhedonia: lack of dopamine
Serotonin : social life, depression, risk taking behavior
Amygdale: decision making, perception
Need to network chunks together
Transfer of chunk links
Chunk: Compress information. Learning strengthen chunk pattern
Law of serendipity: Find something that you didn't expected
The first is difficult, the next items become less and less
Deliberate learning Spend extra attention on something you think is difficult on a first place. It will allow you after to think that things are easier
Not good to study over and over. Okay for learning a pattern, but you are too focused. Can be a waste of time. Better to space session, and change of tecnics. Can give the illusion of competence
Einstellung: Prevent to find the good solution by blocking in a too strong pattern. Need to unlearn.... Go to pool without learning how to swim is overkill. ==> Blocked by the previous training
Interleaving: change technics, concept, flip, do it to another session. Interleaving by changing of discipline can improve your creativity.
Arsenic: super toxic. But if you train yourself, you can survive. (but risk of cancer) Learn about psychology as you can learn about poison effect in chemistry
Learning: bit by bit activity
Zombie mode: automatic mode. You don't need to think about it.
Beginning a learning: always a difficult activity to start, feel uncomfortable.
Process: flow of time (where you have to learn). Focus on the moment. (How do I find the solution?)
Product: Outcome (i.e. copy the exercise of a friend would not make you learn)
Overide some habits
Hippocampus: help to remember thing (put thing from short term to long term memoy)
Reconsolidation: change false memory
Active state ->[Reconsolidation] Inactive state ->[Reactivation] Active State Short-Term M ->[Consolidation] Long term memory
Learning for 10h before an exam is kind of useless thing.
Memory palace technics: Try to learn somewhere where you are not comfortable first
Big picture template: easy to remember on general context.
Handwritting helps to remember things
Physical exercise. Enable to keep connection between neurons. Neurons die if you don't use them
Stereoptis: Sereo vision
[Fixing my gaze] Book for learning back how to see in 3D
Visual cortex begins mature at the end of childhood Prefrontal cortex is the latest part to mature
See something in your mind. Imagine atoms. Take similar idea, do analogies, improve the creativity. Glue Idea into the mind
The imposter syndrom: Succeed on something even you don't feel confident, saying that it was luck. Feeling of inadequacy
Better to learn from someone than from a book.
Perseverance: vertue of the less brillant Learn dispassion
[Turning group of student into effective team learning]
Larger scale diffuse mode. But be on time, get focus with the group idea.
Start first on the hardest problem ==> Store the most difficult part.
Next, go to less difficult tasks which would look very easy !! Helps to switch to diffuse mode
Different parts of your brain work simultaneously.
Scan the whole exam, and go to the more difficult problem as far as you can. Go to easier next.
Reformulate your stress signals ==> Try to avoid stress,
Turn your attention on your breathing, Think about the test as the way to do your best!
Good worry: Provide motivation
Bad worry: Waste time